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Top Signs of Pregnancy

Top Signs of Pregnanacy

Some women do not know that they are pregnant until they go for a pregnancy test. Indeed, pregnancy test is the best way to determine whether you are pregnant or not. However, accurate results may not be obtained at the early weeks of pregnancy. But there are signs and changes that occur in the body of a woman which indicate that the woman is pregnant. Here are some of the top signs of pregnancy.

Top Signs of Pregnancy

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Extreme and unexplainable fatigue one of the top signs of pregnancy

Extreme fatigue is one of the major signs of pregnancy. It normally occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy. Medical experts have not actually discovered the cause of the fatigue associated with pregnancy. Hormonal changes may be the cause.  If you have unprotected sex and start experiencing extreme fatigue several weeks after that, it may be that you are pregnant. Do not drink too much caffeine in order to treat it. You should meet your doctor.

Strong aversion for food

Strong aversion for one’s favorite dishes and other foods is one of the signs of pregnancy. Experts say that aversion for food experienced by some pregnant women is caused by the increase in the level of beta-HCG hormone.

Nausea and vomiting

The rising hormones levels during the early stages of pregnancy can make some women to nauseate and vomit. This normally occurs in the morning hours. This is why it is sometimes referred to as morning sickness. If you are experiencing morning sickness after several weeks of unprotected sex, it is likely that you are pregnant. However, morning sickness is a good signs and so; there should be no cause for alarm. It is a sign that your baby is developing normally. Eating very well is a good means of dealing with morning sickness during pregnancy. Do not go on empty stomach while taking your multivitamins because they can spark off nausea.

Swelling and tenderness of breast

Normally, pregnant women will notice changes in their breasts. As the body prepares the mammary gland for the feeding of the new born baby, the breasts will become tender and increase in size as result of hormonal changes. There is no need to panic. You should get a good bra in order to hold them.

Sensitivity to smells

During the early stages of pregnancy, smells including pleasant and malodorous ones will irritate you causing you to vomit. Sensitivity to smells experienced by most women during the early stages of pregnancy is probably caused by increase in the level of hormone. The best way to deal with it is to avoid perceiving the smell. If your husband applies perfume or smoke cigarette, discuss with him so that he will stop it during your pregnancy time.

Frequent urination

Frequent urination is caused by the growing uterus which weighs on the bladder increasing your urge to urinate.

Change in the color of vagina

Physical changes: Like changes in vagina color occur during the early weeks of pregnancy.

OvaCue Fertility Monitor

Shortness of breath

Your need for oxygen will increase because the growing embryo also needs oxygen to survive. This can make you to experience shortness of breath.

A pregnant woman may not experience all the signs. Some women may experience all the signs while only a few may occur in some women.

Healthy Eating Habits for Women

Healthy Eating Habits for Women

Sometimes, you wonder why some women engage in various fitness programs and yet they continue to gain weight. Unhealthy eating habit is one of the major factors that make some women not to achieve their weight loss goal. Below are some healthy eating habits that you should try to practice on daily basis.

Try having the same daily

Having the same menu on daily basis will give you a lot of health benefits. First, you can easily determine your daily calorie intake. Knowing the amount of calorie you take on daily basis will help you to avoid consuming more than what is required. But if you don’t have the same menu on daily basis, it will be difficult for you to control and determine the amount of calorie you take. However, having the same menu does not mean eating the same food on daily basis throughout your life. You can have three to four options of foods for each meal in your menu. In this way, you will be able to change your food and still maintain the same menu.

Eat breakfast

Some women skip their breakfast in their effort to meet up with their daily schedule or to lose weight. This should not be the case. Breakfast is a very important meal of the day and therefore should not be skipped. Eating breakfast gives you a lot of health benefits. It helps you to reduce hunger and craving during the day. Working with an empty stomach will make you to be exhausted on time. On the contrary, if you take breakfast, you will have more energy for work throughout the day. 

Eat small portion frequently

Studies have shown that women who eat small portion frequently throughout the day lose weight easily. The level of Cortisol which is the stress hormone in the body rises when you do not eat after three hours. The body is signaled to store fat in the abdominal region when the level of cortisol in the body is high. Besides, researches have proved that skipping meals increases the level of cortisol while eating small meals often does the reverse.
Eating small portion frequently also improves your metabolic process leading to a quicker breakdown of more fats. It will also make you to crave less.

Eat balance diet

Some women confuse quality with quantity when it comes to their diet. You should cultivate the habit of eating quality foods. Your dietary plan should consist of the basic essential food nutrients.

Eat more of organic foods

Organic foods are naturally produced foods. They are better than processed foods which are tainted by chemicals. So, it is advisable that you have a dietary plan that consist more of organic foods.

Eat fruits and vegetables

Your body needs vitamins and minerals for proper functioning. Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamins. So, you have to consume enough fruits and vegetables in order to obtain these vitamins and minerals.

Take enough water

Water keeps your body hydrated, improves your circulatory systems, increase your metabolic rate, and also improve digestive system and helps in the detoxification of toxins.

Health Tips for Diabetes Patients during Diwali

 Food always plays a central role when it comes to celebrating festivals across the globe, including Diwali. The meals are big with foods ranging from high fats to fried stuff and there is no dearth of sweets too. But people with diabetes need to take special care during the festivities.

Here are some health tips for diabetes patients during Diwali: –

1. Good news, you don’t have to avoid sugar completely!

If you plan your festive diet properly and limit the sugar content, then you don’t have to be off limits when it comes to sweets/ desserts. Focus on healthy meal plans for this Diwali and you are all set.



2. Eat foods that are rich in fiber

Avoid starchy carbs and opt for whole grain carbs, they will help you maintain your blood sugar levels to the required limit.

3. Eat homemade sweets

When you prepare sweets at home, you will know how much calories, sugar and carbohydrates you need to put in your recipe. You could use healthy oils such as olive, coconut or avocado to make it healthier. In case you are suffering from high blood sugar levels, then you can make baked sweets. The choices are endless when you are opting for homemade stuff!

homemade sweets

4. Limit yourself

Focus on portion control. Do not eat too many sweets at one time. This, of course, needs good control and discipline, but it is achievable. This habit will not only let you enjoy your Diwali to the fullest but also will help you in the long run.


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5. Eat sweets with your meals

Try not eating the sweets as a stand-alone item. Always eat them along with your meals.

This one is yet another trick that will help you establish a good control over your blood sugar levels.

6. Small meals will make your Diwali enjoyable

Instead of three meals, switch over to six small meals a day. This habit will also help improve your digestion making you more fit and healthy.

small meals

7. 30-minute walk

No matter how much you ignore, but the fact is that exercising helps to keep in check your weight and improves your insulin sensitivity. A 30-minute walk every day will do wonders for your health. If this looks like a big ask, then you may very well divide the time into three, that is, go for three walking sessions of 10 minutes each, per day.

Walking

Following these easy and helpful tips will make your Diwali more pleasurable than you ever expected!

Prediabetes Condition can Become Type2 Diabetes

Prediabetes- Know everything about it

In simple words, Prediabetes is the level of blood sugar, just a step before being classified as type 2 diabetes.  When the sugar test of glucose level is found higher, then potentially it may be heading towards the next step up to Type2 Diabetes. If right and timely measures are not taken to control it, then this prediabetes condition can become type2 Diabetes in the next 5-10 years.  If you have Prediabetes and diagnosed as such, then mind it, the damage to the heart and the circulatory system might have started already.

Danger warning sign– Positive side of Prediabetes is there too. The progression to Type2 Diabetes is not natural and unavoidable. With a strong will and right lifestyle, you can change the tide. You have to simply tread more carefully in regards to your lifestyle by sticking to a strict routine, meal plan and exercises.



Symptoms of Prediabetes

One most hated job for a healthy person is to see a doctor for unhealthy reasons. But it becomes important when you notice some signals pointing to wrong track your body is following. This is why you can conclude that you require glucose screening.

  • If you have a family history of type 2 Diabetes
  • You are overweight with BMI- Body Mass Index above 25
  • If your waistline is more than your bodyline.
  • If your lifestyle is sedentary.
  • When you are above 45 years of age
  • If you have high blood pressure
  • If your HDL cholesterol is below 35 mg per mg/dl or your Triglyceride level is above 250 mg/dl
  • If you notice a considerable weight loss without working for it
  • If a lady gives birth to over 9 -pound weight of the child.

The tests required to diagnose Prediabetes

A glycated hemoglobin test

Known as HbA1c or simply A1c test. This test measures the body’s average blood sugar levels from the past 3 months. A1c of 6.5% is considered good, higher than that is taken to be diabetic. The more glucose in the blood, more hemoglobin A1C or HbA1C will be present in the blood.

glycosylated hemoglobin test

Fasting plasma glucose FPG test

Which measures the body’s glucose level before and after fasting with the gap of eight hours. An FPG result of 126 mg/dl is fair, above that will be considered high sugar condition.

Fasting plasma glucose FPG test

IGT-impaired glucose tolerance

Higher blood sugar test post-meal

IGT-impaired glucose tolerance

 

IFG- Impaired Fasting Glucose

Higher sugar fasting in the morning test

Insulin resistance

Your body cells are lethargic to use, insulin resistance test.

Causes related to Prediabetes

Causes of Prediabetes are still relatively unknown, although the reasons can be safely attributed to lifestyle and genetics. Some genes are insulin resistant as the studies have found out.  Abdominal fat is the main culprit that helps develop prediabetes and later to type2 Diabetes.

Prediabetes patients’ bodies are not processing glucose and refurbishing body cells as they should be doing, hence the sugar starts accumulating in the blood supply and starts causing more harm to important body parts such as heart and kidney. Its results do not immediately show up, but slowly it starts to affect and take up the center stage.

Most of the glucose in the body comes from the foods you eat, specifically foods that contain carbohydrates are more damaging than the sugary food you eat. During the digestion process, glucose runs through your bloodstream, and insulin helps to enter in the body’s cells where it is converted to vital energy, required to do all our body functions.

Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream, as its job is to convert glucose to energy by sending glucose in the cells. Blood sugar level is proportionate to the secretion of insulin from the pancreas. Less for less more for more. Prediabetes happens when there is less secretion of insulin and sugar is more in the bloodstream, or the body cells become insulin resistant, thus not allowing the conversion function to happen from glucose to energy.

Signs that you have moved over to the next step

When you don’t see the red flag waving in the shape of Prediabetes, then the ultimate progression happens to Type2 Diabetes, this is how you can recognize the indications.

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Delayed healing of wounds
  • Obstructed in blood supply to the legs that might lead to amputation.

Diet plan for Prediabetes

Intake and fast digesting of carbohydrates can lead to blood sugar enhancement. The body gets a tough challenge to counter the rush of glucose to get them to body cells and convert into energy.

Extra calories not required by your body, because these calories are stored as fat and can cause you to gain weight, dangerously around the belly. Belly fat is linked to insulin resistance. Evidently, most of the overweight people suffer from prediabetes.


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How to control prediabetes by right food and lifestyle

Prediabetes suffering people should follow the right routine unless they want to graduate to undesired Type-2 Diabetes.

Eat healthy food

Grains

Grains such as Bulgur whole grain can reduce 36% chances of Type2 Diabetes. Oats‘ breakfast helps control glucose level. Wheat berries are unprocessed kernel advised to be eaten with salad in breakfast, Millets, Quinoa and Buckwheat grain has solid fiber content highly recommended by dietitians.

Grains

Low GI food

Low GI foods include dried beans and legumes such as lentils and kidney beans and all non- starchy vegetables, some starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes, most fruit, and many whole grain bread and cereals such as barley, whole wheat bread, rye bread, all-bran cereal, rolled oats and brown rice, can work to prevent enhanced blood sugar. 

low-GI foods

Fruits and vegetables

Apples, Asparagus, Flax seeds, Garlic, Kale, Melon, Avocados, Beans, Blueberries, Raspberries, Broccoli, Carrots, and Cranberries are a few highly recommended foods to control type-2 Diabetes. Besides fish and nuts are also recommended for helping in controlling the sugar level.

Fruits and vegetables

Physical exercises

Lose weight

Losing your weight is one right solution to lower the risk of type 2 Diabetes. You must make effort to lower the weight, even if you lose 10% of the weight this will help you.

weight loss

Exercise and move

Regular walks and exercises for 3 hours a week help a lot. You must activate yourself in some way, as a sedentary lifestyle will not help you.

Muscle relaxation exercise

Buy A Glucose Monitor- Checking the glucose levels at home is very helpful. It’s a ready reflection of how certain foods affect blood sugar and some may not. It’s even a motivating factor for some people.

Glucose Monitor

Act Today- Today is the time when you should start to follow your health plan to prevent Prediabetes to change over to type 2 Diabetes because tomorrow can be very late and you can’t look back and make amends.

With all the information related to Prediabetes now, you can proceed towards healthier future for sure.

Important Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

Control and enjoy life

We have got so used to hear utterances about high blood pressure and diabetes from our childhood, that we hardly give any notice as if this won’t happen with us. It is important to understand that Type 2 Diabetes is a life-long metabolic ailment, that is characterized by high blood sugar, resistance to insulin or lack of insulin in the body system.

The indication of invasion of diabetes has few symptoms such as enhanced thirst,  recurring urination, and weight loss for no obvious reason. Added symptoms may show up in form of unwarranted hunger, tiredness and longer healing time of an open wound or sore. Also, it is found that craving for the sweets increases and become overpoweringly uncontrollable, resulting in the worsening of the diabetic condition.

Diabetes- Causes

  • Type-2 diabetes development happens because of the merger of your lifestyle and genetic issues. Insulin is a hormone produced inside the pancreas. Insulin’s function is to convert glucose to the energy in the body cells. The glucose is received in the body through the food you take.
  • People with type 2 diabetes do make insulin, but the body cells don’t respond to it, as well as they should have, this condition is termed by Doctors as insulin resistance.
  • When type2 diabetes begins, the pancreas overworks and makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells. Ultimately it gives up, and the sugar level builds up in the blood, in lieu.
  • Genes influence the system that instigates your body to make insulin.
  • Overweight– Being overweight or obese can cause insulin resistance, especially if your middle line is heavier. Obesity is affecting teenagers to older people, and so is Type-2 Diabetes.



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Health Tips for Diabetes Patients during Diwali

Tips For Diabetic Persons During Festival Time


Diagnosis of Diabetes

A glycosylated hemoglobin test

Known as HbA1c or simply A1c test. This test measures the body’s average blood sugar levels from the past 3 months. A1c of 6.5% is considered good, higher than that is taken to be diabetic. The more glucose in the blood, more hemoglobin A1C or HbA1C will be present in the blood.

Fasting plasma glucose FPG test

This test measures the body’s glucose level before and after fasting with the gap of eight hours. An FPG result of 126 mg/dl is fair, above that will be considered high sugar condition.

 Type-2 Diabetes and its effects

If this ‘unwanted guest’ type 2 Diabetes is not restrained and controlled its complications can be wretched to the body. Hyper blood sugar can cause various unimaginable things to the body that will stun you.

type-2 Diabetes
  • Heart Diseases due to blood vessels
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney failure
  • Yeast infections
  • Hearing impairment
  • Skin conditions
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Foot swelling
  • Diabetic retinopathy- vision can be badly affected
  • Poor supply of blood to the limbs can lead to amputation

Diabetes and its predicament for women

  • Loss of libido or sex drive
  • Vaginal dryness and pleasure reduction in sex
  • Painful conjugal experience
  • The women fatality is more than men, owing to heart conditions because of type-2 Diabetes complications.
  • Kidney complication is found more in women than in men because of type-2 diabetes.
  • Pregnant women can face miscarriage or still the birth child
  • Baby can be born with some inadequacy if blood sugar not controlled during pregnancy.

Interesting facts about type-2 Diabetes

  • In 90.95% of adults, Type-2 Diabetes is found.
  • Close to 30 million people in the USA alone are affected by it, 8 million people still not identified diabetes patients, though likely to have this illness.
  • Interesting facts about rural India have 34 million Diabetes patients than urban patients whose figure stands at 28 million. Diabetic men and women’s ratio is 10:9.
  • Overweight people are most likely to suffer from type2 Diabetes. Though this is not the criteria for diabetes, anyone with the genetic issue and bad lifestyle can have this problem.
  • Most of the patients are insulin resistant, as their body builds insulin but cells don’t convert glucose to energy. There are few of the people whose body do not produce insulin at all.
  • This is a ‘royal disease’ as it comes and stays lifelong for good and don’t just go away, this has to be managed and controlled by a healthier meal plan and lifestyle.
  • Liver the glucose supplier- When sugar is low in the blood, the liver sends an extra dose of glucose. After meal your glucose level rises, then liver slows down and stores the glucose for the future. Improper liver function can lead to type-2 diabetic condition also when the liver doesn’t stop and continue sending the glucose in the blood.
  • Cells sometimes have a communication problem, the bad signal affects extra glucose in the blood.
  • Damaged Beta cells- If insulin-making cells don’t send timely insulin supply, then also glucose level in the blood can enhance.

Treatment and care

Through Food

Diabetes experts say that in diabetes, prevention and management is by having whole grains replacing refined and simple sugars in the diet. A study disclosed that eating brown rice can reduce the chances of developing diabetes by 16 percent.

A breakfast in low-GI foods

Low GI food containing foods include dried beans and legumes such as lentils and kidney beans and all non- starchy vegetables. Some starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes, most fruit, and many whole grain bread and cereals such as barley, whole wheat bread, rye bread, all-bran cereal, rolled oats and brown rice, can work to prevent enhanced blood sugar.  That’s because whole grains are good sources of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. That can help slow the absorption of glucose and wouldn’t let develop type 2 diabetes.

low-GI foods

Grains

Grains such as Bulgar whole grain can reduce 36% chances of Type2 Diabetes. Oats‘ breakfast helps control glucose level. Wheat berries are unprocessed kernel advised to be eaten with salad in breakfast, Millet’s, Quinoa and Buckwheat grain have solid fiber content highly recommended by dietitians.

Grains

Fruits and vegetables

Apples, Asparagus, Flax seeds, Garlic, Kale, Melon, Avocados, Beans, Blueberries, Raspberries, Broccoli, Carrots, and Cranberries are a few highly recommended to control type-2 Diabetes. Besides fish and nuts are also recommended for helping in controlling the sugar level.

Fruits and vegetables

 Through Medicines

Insulin Dose

As per the doctor’s advice, one has to take the shot of insulin as prescribed, the insulin has to be stored in the fridge within 2-8 c temperature. Now the insulin is being developed to withstand 30 c temperature, as most countries have this as normal temperature.

Metformin

For controlling type 2 Diabetes Metformin is one really effective drug, being prescribed now by doctors in most countries. A cheaper drug Metformin not only helps control sugar level, but it also helps prevent the possibility of the heart stroke by 30 to 40%.

Johnson & Johnson is launching one insulin injecting plastic device that contains 200-unit fast-acting insulin, that will be tied on the skin and will inject itself without causing a prick like an issue, this infuses 2 units a time.

Monitoring

The glucose monitoring can easily be done by mobile phone and Libre connecting to libreLink app device, and making the reading available easily through phone and the day’s report will be recorded and observed.

Parting tip

In Type-2 Diabetes few things are related to your health and medical history. Your doctor may be able to help you by studying your case history and prescribe what’s best for you. The key word is to control your Type-2 Diabetes and live happily ever after.