Discomforts of the Third Trimester of Pregnancy and Solutions

Congratulations! You are in the third trimester of pregnancy. Although only a few weeks to go for the delivery; this part of your pregnancy is said to be the most challenging.

Here are some of the most common discomforts faced by women in the third trimester of pregnancy along with the solutions:

Hot Flashes

It is not uncommon for women to feel hot during the third trimester. Excess sweating can disturb your sleep. The body temperature will return to normal after the baby is born. The problem arises due to dilated blood vessels, increased metabolic rate, the body temperature of the baby, and fluctuating hormones.

Solution: Have a lot of cold water. Staying hydrated is important. You may turn on fans and air conditioning.

Insomnia

This is one of the most common problems women face during pregnancy, especially during the last trimester. Most women are known to experience disturbed sleep during pregnancy. This is due to the difficulty they face while sleeping. Some of the major causes include a backache, discomfort, nocturnal fetal movement, snoring, increased urge to urinate, heartburn, anxiety, etc.

Insomnia

Solution: Stop the intake of caffeine completely. Get soothing yet very gentle feet massages.

Poor Memory

Don’t worry. This is just momentary. You may misplace your house keys, bag, sunglasses, and many other things too. Many women face this problem through their third trimester. This may be due to lack of quality sleep (owing to changes the body goes through).

Solution: Get plenty of rest. Try to take some time off work if it is causing you stress. Writing things down will let you keep close track of various tasks and crucial dates.

A backache

So you feel achy and sore. Don’t worry. This will ease once you deliver the baby. The additional body weight is putting a lot of pressure on the back. Feeling discomfort in hips and pelvis is also common because your ligaments go loose as they prepare for labor.

Solution: Make sure you practice good posture. Sit straight. You may use some pillows to keep back straight and ease the pressure. Sleeping on the side will help. Tuck a pillow between your legs. You may also use a heating pad to get relief from ache. Prenatal yoga is also a good way to ease muscles and reduce a backache.

Vaginal Discharge

Although this is common during pregnancy, you might observe more of it after hitting the third trimester. A thick, clear, slightly bloody discharge is also common right before delivery. Don’t worry, this is the mucus plug. It indicates that your cervix has started to dilate in labor preparation. A sudden rush of fluid is an indication that water has broken.

Solution: Call your doc if your water breaks.

Heartburn and Constipation

The third trimester is also about an extra production of the progesterone, the hormone that eases some specific set of muscles such as muscles in esophagus responsible for keeping food and acids down inside the stomach. Progesterone also relaxes muscles that move digested food through intestines.

Solution: Focus on eating frequent, smaller meals throughout the day. Go easy on spicy, greasy, and acidic foods (even if you crave for them). Increasing fiber intake will help you with constipation. Also, have lots of healthy fluids (avoid caffeine and carbonated drinks).

Leg Cramps and spasms

Leg cramps and spasms can be extremely awful during the third trimester, causing severe pain in the middle of the night. This can be due to muscle fatigue and may be decreased minerals and electrolytes.

leg cramps during pregnancy

Solution: Legs massage can help in improving blood circulation and thus the relief. Also, walking is another good way to increase blood flow. To alleviate cramps, stretching of calf muscles really helps. Besides, consume enough of minerals such as potassium to fulfill the body requirements.

Seven Effective Remedies for Leg Cramps During Pregnancy

Leg cramps are quite common during pregnancy. Most women experience it in the third trimester. Reports reveal that nearly half of all pregnant women suffer from muscle spasms especially in their legs. These women have also reported that cramping becomes more frequent during the evening.

One of the major causes is excess weight gained by women during this period. The legs carry all of this weight and this overburden cause spasms/cramps. Additionally, changes in body circulation also cause this issue. Other common reasons include pressure from the growing baby that gets placed on the nerves and blood vessels traveling to legs. Growing uterus also adds to the pressure on veins in the leg. Pregnancy hormones and nutrition deficiency are some other reasons.

leg cramps during pregnancy

Luckily, there are a few things that you can do to get relief from leg cramps. Here are 7 effective remedies for leg cramps during pregnancy:

1. Warm water bath

Go for a warm water bath with Epsom salt. This is one of the best ways to ease leg pain effectively. It will relax you and reduces stress levels. At the same time, this bath will also relieve the tension in your muscles.

2. Cold Pack

Wrap some ice cubes taken straight from the refrigerator and apply on affected areas. You may also use an ice pack and apply it on cramped muscle.



3. Get Some ME Time

Are you getting enough ME time? If no, then try to indulge in activities that take away your stress. Read a book or explore creative hobbies. Go for a movie, shopping, gardening, or do anything that keeps you happy.

4. Massage and Stretch

Massaging your calf gently will help. Ask your partner or a professional to give you a soothing massage. Flexing your foot will also give relief. Lift your toes up and push your heel out. Do not point your toe. This can exacerbate cramping and even make it worse. Stand on a hard floor and lift toes to stretch calf muscle will relieve cramping. Make sure you hold onto something for balance.

5. Increase Water Intake

Make sure you drink plenty of water to keep yourself hydrated. Studies have revealed that lack of sodium leads to serious muscle contractions.

Regulates body weight with water

6. Apply Heat

Yes, application of local heat will help. Place heated water bags, gel packs or towel dipped into hot water and then squeezed.

7. Practice Yoga

Certain yoga poses are said to help during pregnancy cramps. Try out the hip rotation pose in the second trimester. The modified standing squat pose also helps. These are meant for strengthening muscles and lower body. Make sure you take help of a professional.

8 Most Common Postpartum Body Problems and Ways to Deal

Giving birth to a baby is a beautiful experience. However, delivery of baby results in several physical and emotional changes. Here are some of the most common postpartum body problems and ways to deal with them:

1. Perineal Pain

Pain in the perineum (region between the vagina and the rectum) is also common. You should consult the doctor to avoid serious complications. Using a soft cushion to sit on will help ease any discomfort.

2. Breast Engorgement

The breast milk increases anywhere between second to the fifth day, post-baby. This will make you feel sensations in your breasts. In many cases, the breast will get full of milk. It might become very hard like a rock and painful. This stage is referred to as engorgement. You can avoid this by feeding your baby in shorter intervals. You may even express milk with a pump until demand supply gets evened out. Using hot towels or ice packs can also help soothe engorged breasts.



3. Sore Nipples

Breastfeeding and constant milk supply will lead to soreness in nipples. This is very common and usually gets resolved within a few days after delivery. Doctors may suggest you apply a nipple cream to soothe the area.

4. Uterus Infection

Sometimes, fragments of the placenta remain in the uterus. Some symptoms include increased heart rate, mild fever, uterus swelling, and even intense lower abdomen pain and uterine discharge. Doctors treat this with antibiotics.

5. Postpartum Depression

Mothers tend to feel overwhelmed with responsibilities and handling a little delicate thing. Anxiety, grief, and feelings of anger are signs of postpartum depression. Most common with first-time mothers, it is possible to get rid of it with the support of your partner, a household help, and family members. Joining a support group or counseling sessions will also help.

6. Hair Loss

A reduced hormonal balance will result in hair loss. Don’t worry. This will reduce with time. All you need to do is have a protein-rich diet to keep your hair healthy.

hair loss

 

7. Vaginal Discharge

After delivery, many women experience vaginal discharge (lochia) for a few weeks. This contains uterine blood and tissue. You should keep from strenuous physical exertions. Give ample rest to your body. Allow it to heal.

8. Vaginal bleeding

The bleeding will slow down towards the end of two weeks. After this period, the bleeding will get lighter and may continue up to 6 weeks. Make sure you change pads every four hours or earlier to avoid infection. Any recurrent heavy bleeding or clotting (with or without the foul smell) must be immediately reported to doctor.

Effective Ways to Prevent and Treat Urinary Tract Infection during Pregnancy

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are known to be the most common bacterial infection among adult women. The chances of developing these complications increase during pregnancy and after delivery. Most women wonder about safer yet effective ways to prevent and treat UTI during pregnancy.

Medical experts suggest quick treatment of infection to minimize chances of any serious complications. When left untreated, the infection can result in kidney infections and even death in some rare cases.

What is UTI?

A urinary tract infection occurs once bacteria enter through the urethra. Bacteria are usually removed by urination. However, under certain circumstances, can result in an increased risk of contracting a UTI. These circumstances include pregnancy, sexual intercourse, obstruction in urination, and virulent nature of the certain type of bacteria.

Urinary Bladder Infection

Understanding Symptoms

Although some women with UTIs remain asymptomatic, there are certain common symptoms that get reported to medical experts. These include:

  • High fever
  • 2. Pain in the lower back
  • 3. Vomiting
  • 4. Shaking chills
  • 5. Burning sensation while urinating
  • 6. Increased frequency of urination (urge to urinate increases)



Diagnose

Diagnosis of UTI during pregnancy is not a complicated process. The doctor will collect a urine sample. It will be tested wherein the doctor will examine the presence of excess bacteria in the urine.

Prevention of UTI during Pregnancy

Let it go – It is important to empty your bladder frequently. This is especially crucial before and after having sex.

Cranberry Juice

According to some reports and evidence, daily consumption of cranberry juice (pure) with no added sugar may help prevent UTIs. The juice contains powerful infection-fighting property. However, avoid intake of this juice if you are under blood-thinning medications such as warfarin, as it may result in bleeding.

Let the Area Breathe

Cotton underwear is always the best option. It will prevent and even treat the UTI. The practice will help keep the area cleaner, airier and less itchy. Avoid wearing tight clothes as well.

Douching is a No-No

Avoid douching. Do not use any feminine sprays or perfumes

Water – Stay hydrated. You should have plenty of fresh and clean drinking water throughout the day. Avoid drinking alcohol, soft drinks, and caffeine.

Regulates body weight with water

No Detergents – Strictly avoid using any harsh soaps or body wash in the genital area.

Treating A UTI during Pregnancy

Unfortunately, natural treatments for UTIs do not work well. In some cases, the UTI may take care of itself but you must let the doctor decide this. Pregnancy warrants immediate attention especially if you are suspecting a urinary tract infection.

Healthcare providers usually prescribe the following treatment courses:

Antibiotics

A course of antibiotics is usually prescribed for the treatment of urinary tract infections during pregnancy. Make sure you have only the ones prescribed by your gynecologist. Antibiotics are very effective in killing off bacteria inside your body.

IV

If you are diagnosed with, UTI that has progressed to a kidney infection, the doctor might prescribe a stronger antibiotic. In some cases, you may even get an intravenous (IV) version administered for effective treatment.

8 Home Remedies for Swollen Feet during Pregnancy

Pregnancy is one of the happiest phases in a woman’s life. Unfortunately, it comes with some side effects and problems. Swollen feet are one of the common discomforts faced by women during their pregnancy. Also referred to as edema, it is a condition where excess fluid accumulates in the tissues of the body. This can be painful too.

swollen feet during pregnancy

Here are 8 home remedies for swollen feet during pregnancy:

1. Take Diet High Potassium

This remedy helps you to minimize swelling. Potassium is very effective in maintaining the electrolyte level in the body. It also prevents water from accumulating. Bananas are high in potassium. Having a banana a day will help you.

2. Dandelion Tea

This is a miracle tea for pregnant ladies suffering from swollen feet during pregnancy. Dandelion tea balances electrolytes within the body and enhances circulation too. Simply boil a few dandelions with water and consume the concoction thrice daily.

3. Keep Your Feet Elevated

Doctors usually recommend their patients to keep feet in an elevated position through the day to get rid of swelling and pain. This is very helpful in maintaining a proper blood circulation within the body. It prevents any pooling of fluids within the foot.

4. Try Apple  Cider Vinegar

If you like the taste of vinegar, then ACV will serve the purpose. You need to add a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar into a cup of water. Drink this mixture twice daily. Being loaded with potassium ACV is very helpful in balancing electrolytes in the body.

5. Arnica Oil Massage

Get a relaxing foot massage. Use arnica oil as it helps to relieve sore, aching joints and muscles. You may ask your spouse, friend or a masseuse to massage your feet with this oil.

Arnica Oil Massage

6. Cucumber Packs

This is easy and very relaxing. Place cool slices of cucumber on your feet. You need to cover your entire feet with the slice. Cucumber slices will pull out excess toxins and water. You may also chew on a few slices daily to keep your body hydrated.

female feet with cucumbar pack

7. Increase Water Intake

In most cases, swollen feet result from the accumulation of fluids in the body. Many women think that drinking more water can lead to water retention. However, the truth is just the opposite. Keeping your body well hydrated will help the body flush out excess toxins and fluid within.



8. Saline Water Soak

This is very relaxing. Simply dip your feet in the salty lukewarm water. The home remedy is widely recommended by the older experienced women and midwives. Boil some water and mix in a handful of salt. Once lukewarm, place the feet in a tub and allow your feet to be immersed in it unless water turns cold. The remedy helps by pulling out excess fluids residing in the tissues.

EndNote – Swollen feet during pregnancy is a common issue. Women may find this very annoying due to the discomfort and pain that tags along with it. Following some tried and tested home remedies as stated above can help. For severe issues followed fever and other complications, it is important to call the doctor.