Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are known to be the most common bacterial infection among adult women. The chances of developing these complications increase during pregnancy and after delivery. Most women wonder about safer yet effective ways to prevent and treat UTI during pregnancy.
Medical experts suggest quick treatment of infection to minimize chances of any serious complications. When left untreated, the infection can result in kidney infections and even death in some rare cases.
What is UTI?
A urinary tract infection occurs once bacteria enter through the urethra. Bacteria are usually removed by urination. However, under certain circumstances, can result in an increased risk of contracting a UTI. These circumstances include pregnancy, sexual intercourse, obstruction in urination, and virulent nature of the certain type of bacteria.
Although some women with UTIs remain asymptomatic, there are certain common symptoms that get reported to medical experts. These include:
- High fever
- 2. Pain in the lower back
- 3. Vomiting
- 4. Shaking chills
- 5. Burning sensation while urinating
- 6. Increased frequency of urination (urge to urinate increases)
Diagnosis of UTI during pregnancy is not a complicated process. The doctor will collect a urine sample. It will be tested wherein the doctor will examine the presence of excess bacteria in the urine.
Prevention of UTI during Pregnancy
Let it go – It is important to empty your bladder frequently. This is especially crucial before and after having sex.
According to some reports and evidence, daily consumption of cranberry juice (pure) with no added sugar may help prevent UTIs. The juice contains powerful infection-fighting property. However, avoid intake of this juice if you are under blood-thinning medications such as warfarin, as it may result in bleeding.
Let the Area Breathe
Cotton underwear is always the best option. It will prevent and even treat the UTI. The practice will help keep the area cleaner, airier and less itchy. Avoid wearing tight clothes as well.
Douching is a No-No
Avoid douching. Do not use any feminine sprays or perfumes
Water – Stay hydrated. You should have plenty of fresh and clean drinking water throughout the day. Avoid drinking alcohol, soft drinks, and caffeine.
No Detergents – Strictly avoid using any harsh soaps or body wash in the genital area.
Treating A UTI during Pregnancy
Unfortunately, natural treatments for UTIs do not work well. In some cases, the UTI may take care of itself but you must let the doctor decide this. Pregnancy warrants immediate attention especially if you are suspecting a urinary tract infection.
Healthcare providers usually prescribe the following treatment courses:
A course of antibiotics is usually prescribed for the treatment of urinary tract infections during pregnancy. Make sure you have only the ones prescribed by your gynecologist. Antibiotics are very effective in killing off bacteria inside your body.
If you are diagnosed with, UTI that has progressed to a kidney infection, the doctor might prescribe a stronger antibiotic. In some cases, you may even get an intravenous (IV) version administered for effective treatment.