Reasons for hyper-pigmentation and age spots
Hyper-pigmentation is common in many individuals and can occur in people of all races, ages, and gender. Hyper-pigmentation is the condition in which due to excessive or inadequate production of melanin skin appears patchy, uneven, discolored or spotted. Balanced production of melanin can be hampered due to various reasons. Melanin is that part of the skin that provides color to the skin surface. The high production of melanin gives dark or brown color while less production gives fair color to the skin. When skin is exposed to sun rays for a longer period, the skin is damaged, hyper-pigmentation and ages-spots are formed that are also called one form of hyper-pigmentation.
Factors that can trigger hyperpigmentation and age-spots
Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin cells that produce this dark pigment shift into overdrive. While birthmarks are produced at a birth, hyper-pigmentation and the skin blemishes that develop as a result can be triggered by factors including:
- Birth control pills
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Sun exposure
Skin blemishes tend to form in concentrated patches, as a result of these factors and can make the once smooth complexion look uneven and blotchy. Those who enjoy skin tanning do not have healthy skin. Their skin is severely damaged and needs to be protected.
Natural remedies for hyper-pigmentation and age spots
There are several ways to prevent sun damage. One way is applying sunscreen to the skin before being exposed to sunlight. The easiest way to remedy the problem of hyperpigmentation is to use a skin lightener of some kind. A topical skin lightener can be applied to the afflicted area or spots and eventually lighten them to better match the rest of one’s skin tone.
How to Choose a Safe Skin Lightener
First of all before using a skin lightener, consult with your qualified medical professional who can review your medical history and determine if skin lightening is right for you. If skin lightening is suitable to your skin, always review the ingredient list of a skin lightener you purchase. Choosing a skin lightening cream can be complicated and hard. It’s important to use creams that do not contain Hydroquinone, mercury, and steroids. Hydroquinone contains potentially dangerous ingredients. Hydroquinone can cause many negative side effects as well. Hydroquinone can cause many side effects such as:
- Skin blistering
- Skin cancer
Safe cure for Hyper-pigmentation
As a safer alternative, many consumers pursue natural skin brightening, with a lightening product formulated with gentle exfoliates, plant-based sun filters and natural ingredients.
There are a few laser treatments available such as a q-switched ruby and pigmented lesion lasers. It is recommended to use lightening creams since they are cheaper and do not leave any scars.