Blisters are painful humans and are usually seen in the bubble from beneath the top layer of the skin. These are filled with fluid in them. The fluid in the blisters can be blood, serum or even pus and while most of them are circular in shape. Blisters can be due to an array of reasons, depending on that it can cause pain and even itches.
Types and causes
Out of the blisters caused by humans, some of the common ones are discussed below.
1. Friction blisters:
Friction, wearing a new shoe or a new glove may cause blisters. It usually takes appearance in the palm region, toes, thumb and in the heels.
2. Blisters caused by heat and cold:
These are the ones that are caused when you step out in extreme hot or cold weather conditions or touch anything which is too hot or too cold. This can cause a second-degree burn to your skin. It is also known as partial thickness too.
3. Contact Dermatitis:
These can also develop on your skin in case you touch anything poisonous like a plant or any substance that you are allergic too. These are often the symptom of contact dermatitis.
4. Blisters due to insect bites:
In the environment we get to experience a lot of insects and bugs which are harmful to us humans and in case our skin gets in contact with them, it may cause blisters.
5. Shingles and Chickenpox:
These can also result in your skin surface as a result of a viral attack like that of herpes virus which causes chickenpox whose main effect is causing blisters all over the skin. The other effect of chickenpox is shingles which are as much painful and itchy as the chickenpox blisters are.
6. Herpes Simplex blister:
Another virus that can wreak havoc with your lips is herpes simplex virus which causes blisters. These are usually seen on the genital region, mouth or lips and can come when you are experiencing fevers. This virus can easily spread to others by activities such as kissing, sharing the same utensil while eating, etc.
7. Hand, foot and mouth disease:
These are usually seen in the foot, mouth and hand regions. While this issue is a common sight among kids whose age is less than ten years. It can easily get spread via saliva, feces, mucus, and blisters from someone who is already affected by the issue.
Usual treatment and cure
While blisters of any kind are not really serious an issue but irritating for the person. Some of the ways to treat the condition are discussed below.
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1. Keep the area clean and dry:
While some of the blisters get fine with time where the fluid is absorbed by your skin and it collapses and flattens. However, you need to make sure that till that happens, you need to cover the region with tape to help it not to break open.
2. Do not break it until needed:
It is better not to break it until it is too huge for you to bear. In any case, let your doctor do the needful and after it is broken, clean the region with soap and apply an antibiotic lotion and cover with a tape in the morning and keep it to dry at nighttime.
When to seek a doctor’s advice?
In case you feel flu-like symptoms in the blister, you need to see a doctor. Other reasons include any pus coming off it, swelling, red streaks in the area and in cases when these are seen in the eye or around the genitals.